Types of Law Enforcement Agency

Alabama Department of Forensic Science This is forensic field work that assists a state coroner or medical examiner in his death investigations. Staff in this class are involved in death scene investigations and the collection of medical histories and records. The work consists of interviewing doctors, relatives, etc. to gather information about medical history and anamnesis. Assist the State Coroner/Medical Examiner with external examinations, photographing of bodies, fingerprinting and preservation of evidence during autopsies; assist law enforcement officers in obtaining and collecting evidence at the scene of death; maintain an appropriate legal chain of custody for autopsy of autopsy bodies; Complete death investigation reports and testify in court if necessary. As employees gain experience, the work involves more complex tasks that may include training and reviewing the work of less experienced investigators. The term “law enforcement” refers to all agencies responsible for protecting citizens and communities, maintaining peace, and enforcing the laws of different states and communities in the United States. Because this is a large-scale operation, the task of law enforcement is divided by jurisdiction: federal, state, county, and local cities. The largest agencies are federal agencies responsible for the country as a whole. State agencies operate at the state level, while county and city authorities deal with situations in these communities. Three types of police services develop based on the socio-economic characteristics of a jurisdiction, the organization of government and the choice of police administrators. According to a study by James Q. Wilson (“Varieties of Police Behavior,” 1968, 1978, Harvard University Press), three different types of policing were developed in his study of eight communities.

Each style focused on different policing functions and was associated with specific characteristics of the community served by the Department. There are many types of local law enforcement agencies, including the following: In Multnomah County, the majority of law enforcement activities are conducted by the city`s police departments, reflecting the fact that the county is largely made up of incorporated cities. The Portland Police Bureau, a municipal police department, is the largest police department in the county and therefore conducts the vast majority of law enforcement activities in the county. The Town of Gresham has a municipal police department with sworn police officers and important law enforcement duties. DEA officers enforce U.S. controlled substances laws and regulations. They bring to justice organizations – including those linked to terrorism – and their key members involved in the cultivation, production or distribution of controlled substances. They support the diligent efforts of special agents who play a vital and exclusive role in contributing to our country`s war on drugs and terrorism, and work to dismantle drug trafficking organizations, prosecute drug traffickers, and destroy the financial infrastructure of these organizations. As the lead federal drug law enforcement agency, this is the mission and purpose of the Drug Enforcement Administration (DEA). Another less lethal weapon that police officers often carry is a stun gun, also known as a Taser. The portable stun gun is designed to neutralize a single person from a distance by using electric current to interfere with voluntary muscle control.

A person hit by a Taser experiences stimulation of their sensory nerves and motor nerves, resulting in strong involuntary muscle contractions. Tasers do not rely solely on pain adhesion, except when used in driving stun mode, and are therefore preferred by some law enforcement agencies over non-Taser stun guns and other electronic control weapons. If you`re looking for the best chance to become a Border Patrol officer, a combination of law enforcement experience and college criminal justice courses is a great place to start. Uniformed police officers often wear a bulletproof vest, usually in the form of a light Level IIA, II or IIIA vest that can be worn under service shirts. SWAT teams typically wear heavier Tier III or IV tactical armored vests, often with steel or ceramic trauma plates, comparable to those worn by U.S. military personnel involved in ground operations. Officers trained in mine clearance wear special heavy protective armor designed to protect them from the effects of an explosion when working with live ammunition. Local police foundations have launched programs to equip law enforcement agencies with taller vests that provide better protection and vests for K-9 officers. [94] [95] Law enforcement in the United States is one of the three main components of the U.S.

criminal justice system, along with courts and correctional facilities. Although each component operates semi-independently, the three together form a chain that goes from investigating alleged criminal activity to administering criminal sanctions. As a Border Patrol officer, your primary goal is to work with your U.S. Customs and Border Protection partners to prevent terrorists and terrorist weapons from entering the United States. Border Patrol agents also detect and prevent smuggling and illegal entry of undocumented aliens into the United States and apprehend those who violate immigration laws. Due to the increase in drug smuggling, border guards are the main drug enforcement agency along the land border between ports of entry. In 2010, the FBI estimated that law enforcement made 13,120,947 arrests (excluding traffic violations). Of those arrested, 74.5% were male, 69.4% were white, 28.0% were black, and the remaining 2.6% were from other races. [32] This type of special agent investigates criminal violations of federal law in the U.S. law enforcement jurisdiction. Ministry of Justice; investigates and violates explosives, firearms, arson, and diversion of alcohol and tobacco; collects and analyzes evidence through investigative leads, seizures and arrests, execution of search warrants and various other means; prepares concise criminal investigation reports; and testify for the government in courts or grand juries.

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