Us Legalizes up to 5 Wives

Another unusual loophole is that many Muslim countries recognize polygamous marriages as long as the husband, before marrying his first wife, informs her that he intends to add more wives and accepts them. If the first wife does not agree, the husband cannot marry any other woman as long as he is married to her. In 1998, about 40,000 people living in Utah were part of polygamous families, or about 1.4 percent of the population. [37] Polygamists have been difficult to prosecute, as many apply for marriage licenses only for their first marriage, while other marriages are celebrated secretly in private ceremonies. After that, secondary brides try to be seen in public as single women with children. [37] Earlier this week, the Utah Senate unanimously passed a bill that effectively decriminalizes polygamy. The bill, which will be approved by the State House of Representatives, would make polygamy a violation and change the current penalty, which can be punished by up to five years in prison. The Associated Press points out that although traditional members of the Church of Latter-day Saints abandoned the practice of polygamy in 1890, about 30,000 people living in polygamous communities follow the teachings that accepting multiple wives brings exaltation to heaven. Polygamy usually takes the form of polygamy – when a man marries several wives.

Polyandry, which refers to women with more than one husband, is even rarer than polygamy and is mostly documented in small, relatively isolated communities around the world. While polygamy laws are generally biased in favor of men – but not women – to take multiple spouses, the laws of many countries also speak in favor of women`s rights. In Burkina Faso, for example, where polygamy is common, spouses must agree that a marriage will be polygamous from the beginning so that the husband can take another wife in the future. In Djibouti, a judge records the opinions of existing wives on new marriages and reviews the husband`s socio-economic situation before approving a marriage contract with another wife. The Brown family of Utah won a federal lawsuit in 2013 challenging Utah`s anti-polygamy law. This came after several states passed laws legalizing same-sex marriage, as anti-bigamy laws violated polygamists` rights to privacy and religious freedom. But the U.S. 10th Court of Appeals dismissed the case in 2016. They said Kody Brown and his four wives, Meri, Janelle, Christine and Robyn Brown, were not at risk of prosecution because Utah had a policy of convicting polygamists only for other crimes. (In 2012, Utah County District Attorney Jeff Buhman said he would only prosecute polygamous adults if there were allegations of violence, abuse or fraud.) So far, polygamy is not protected by the State.

The data on the prevalence of polygamous households was part of a Pew Research Center report on household composition by religion around the world. Not all people who practice polygamy live in polygamous households. Sometimes two or more wives of the same man each have their own home. Details of the categories of household types can be found in the methodology. Details of polygamy laws around the world can be found from the OECD Development Centre and the UN Human Rights Office. In 2011, Warren Jeffs, the leader of The Fundamentalist Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints (FLDS), was sentenced to life in prison plus 20 years for sexually assaulting a 12-year-old girl and a 15-year-old girl, both of whom he forcibly made his “spiritual wives.” What he was not charged with was polygamy (being married to more than one person at a time) — although it was a crime in Utah at the time. In fact, every U.S. state has “laws against marriage when you`re already married to someone else,” according to the Pew Research Center. The stars of TLC`s Sister Wives questioned Utah`s bigamy laws,[48] but also acknowledged that the constitutional ban on polygamy licenses would remain in place regardless of the outcome of the trial.

[48] On December 13, 2013, U.S. Federal Judge Clark Waddoups ruled in Brown v. Buhman[49] that the parts of Utah`s anti-polygamy laws prohibiting the cohabitation of multiple marriages were unconstitutional, but also allowed Utah to maintain its ban on multiple marriage licenses. [50] [51] [52] Illegal cohabitation, in which prosecutors did not have to prove that a marriage had taken place (only that a couple had lived together), had been an important tool in the prosecution of polygamy in Utah since the Edmunds Act of 1882. [53] The U.S. Court of Appeals for the Tenth Circuit overturned the decision on April 11. 2016 [54] on 23. In January 2017, the U.S.

Supreme Court refused to hear the arguments of the husband and four wives featured on the TV show Sister Wives and upheld a lower court ruling that had made polygamy a crime in Utah. [55] Islam is the only major religion whose sacred texts arguably advocate polygamy. Verse 3 of Sura 4 An-Nisa (women) explains that under certain (and disputed) circumstances, a man can marry up to four wives. According to this text, many Muslim countries allow a man to have up to four wives. However, many also require the man to indicate whether he plans to be monogamous or polygamous under the marriage contract with his first wife, and if she does not allow it, he cannot marry another woman as long as he is married to her. In addition, polyandry, in which a wife has several husbands, is still strictly prohibited. The Mormon practice of plural marriage was officially introduced on July 12, 1843, by Joseph Smith, founder of the Latter-day Saint movement. Since polygamy was illegal in the state of Illinois,[24] it was practiced in secret during Smith`s lifetime. During the Nauvoo era, from 1839 to 1844, several Mormon leaders (including Smith, Brigham Young, and Heber C. Kimball) adopted several wives, but all Mormon leaders who publicly taught polygamous doctrine were disciplined.

For example, Hyram Brown was excommunicated on February 1, 1844. [25] In May 1844, Smith declared, “What a thing it is for a man to be accused of adultery and to have seven wives, if I can find only one.” [26] In 2001, Juab County District Attorney David O. Leavitt, winner in the U.S. state of Utah Thomas Green, who was convicted of criminal non-support and four-time bigamy for contracting five serial monogamous marriages while living with legally divorced former wives. His cohabitation was considered proof of a common-law relationship with the wives from whom he had divorced while he was still living with them. This premise was later upheld by the Utah Supreme Court in State v. Green, as applicable only in the State of Utah. Green was also convicted of child rape and criminal lack of support. [41] Many countries that allow polygamy have Muslim majorities, and the practice is rare in many of them. Less than 1% of Muslim men live with more than one spouse in Afghanistan, Pakistan, Bangladesh, Iran and Egypt – all countries where the practice is legal, at least for Muslims. Polygamy is also legal in Saudi Arabia, Qatar, the United Arab Emirates and other neighboring countries, but they were not included in the study due to data limitations. Muslim adherents of polygamy often quote Quranic verse 4:3, which commands men to take as many wives as they can provide, up to four, and they also point out that the Prophet Muhammad had several wives.

Historians have noted that Islamic guidelines on polygamy were issued in the midst of the wars in Arabia in the seventh century, when there were many widows and orphans in need of financial support, and that polygamy created a system in which they had to be treated. To date, polygamy is more common in places where people, and especially men, tend to die young.

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